Nicknames: Garik Kimovich Weinstein; Garry Kimovich Kasparov
Date of birth: the 13th of April, 1963
Profession: pro chess player, politician, writer
Source of wealth: sports
Garry Kasparov, probably, is not a celebrity. He is not known to the wide circle of fans and his style is not copied by teenagers. But for the people, who belong to intellectual part of the society, his name means a lot.
The ex-chess world champion, author and politician, Garry Kasparov owns $5 million net worth. He accumulated his wealth mostly through his activity of a talented chess player. Garry won the title of chess world champion in 1985, when he was just 22. Then he defeated the 12th world champion Anatoly Karpov. Their game, which took place in Moscow, Russia, till now is considered as one of the most interesting in chess history. Having become the young champion, Kasparov got his praise money. Thus he started to save his wealth.
Garry was holding the title till 2000, when he lost it to Vladimir Kramnik. Kasparov left chess sports in 2005 and began another page of his career – he became a politician.
In fact, Garry made his wealth not just through playing chess. He turned to be a talented businessman too. Garry Kasparov created a number of chess computer programs (like “Kasparov's Gambit”, released by Electronic Arts in 1993) and opened several chess schools not just in Russia, but also in USA, Europe and Israel. He made chess popular among the wide circle of fans, just like hockey or football. That was the secret of his financial success.
Born Garik Kimovich Weinstein, he changed his surname for Karpov in 1974 to hide his Jewish roots. Gary was considered as wunderkind in his school years. He was trained at Mikhail Botvinnik (the 6th chess world champion) school. When Garry was 10, Mikhail noticed the young genius and predicted his success in this sphere.
Gary Kasparov has become Number One chess player in 1984 according to FIDE rating. He was the youngest player with such a rating. In 1996 his record was broken by Vladimir Kramnik.
Kasparov gained international kudos in 1985, when he had won the title of world champion. In 1999 he became in the limelight again, when he played against the computer Deep Blue (created by IBM). Although Garry lost the match, the match was discussed all over the world.
Currently Gary Kasparov earns his living as a businessman, politician and author. He has published the books “How Life Imitates Chess”, “My Great Predecessors”, “Winter Is Coming” etc.